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Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Surgery for Cystocele


Cystocele is when the bladder sags into the vagina. The goal of surgery is to repair the problem and relieve your symptoms. Your surgery may include one or more repairs.

The Surgical Procedure

A cystocele can be treated with an anterior repair. This type of surgery is done through the vagina. The prolapsed bladder is moved back into its normal position. Sutures (stitches) are placed in tissue between the bladder and the vagina. In some cases, another type of surgery is done to correct weakness in the front wall of the vagina. The vagina is attached to strong tissues in the side wall of the pelvis.

Your Incisions

During surgery, the doctor reaches your pelvic organs through the vagina or the abdomen. An incision may be made in the vaginal wall. If incisions are made on the abdomen (lower belly), they can be vertical (up and down) or transverse (across).

Possible Risks and Complications of this Surgery

  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Risks of anesthesia
  • Damage to nerves, muscles, or nearby pelvic structures.
  • Blood clots
  • Prolapse of the pelvic organ or organs occurring again
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