A surgical breast biopsy is done to remove a sample of tissue from the breast. This tissue is then sent to a lab to be studied. Most surgical breast biopsies are done in a hospital or clinic. They are performed on an outpatient basis.
Understanding the Risks
Risks that may occur with surgical biopsy include:
- Excessive bleeding or bruising
- Problems from the anesthesia
- Poor wound healing
- Change in breast shape
- Failure to remove entire lesion
- False-negative result
Before the Biopsy
Tell your surgeon about any medications, vitamins, or herbs you take. This includes over-the-counter drugs such as aspirin. Some of these may affect your body's response during surgery. On the day of the biopsy, wear a loose shirt that buttons in front. Also, be sure to arrange for a trusted adult to drive you home.
After the Biopsy
Usually you can go home the day of the biopsy. You may have bruising and swelling for a few days. If you need them, your surgeon may prescribe pain medications. Ice packs can also help ease minor soreness or swelling. Leave your dressing on for as long as your surgeon suggests. Also, follow your surgeon's advice about bathing and exercise.
When to Call Your Surgeon
Call your surgeon if you have any of these:
- A fever over 101°F
- Increased pain, warmth, or redness at the puncture or incision site
- Severe swelling that doesn't go away in a few days
- Drainage from the puncture or incision site
- Bleeding that soaks through the dressing