Many reproductive organ surgeries are done using laparoscopy. Most often, the goal of surgery is to detect and sometimes treat a problem. The following are common reasons for doing laparoscopy.
Laparoscopy can help detect and treat endometriosis. Treatment can help relieve pain or stop heavy menstrual bleeding. In some cases, fertility can be restored. Your doctor may destroy or remove some or all of the abnormal tissue.
During laparoscopy, adhesions may be found and removed. Removing them may relieve your pain. Your doctor cuts the adhesions and frees structures that had been bound by the scar tissue. In some cases, fertility can be restored.
Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy
If you are having your uterus removed, this can be done with laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectoymy. Using special surgical tools, your doctor detaches the uterus from its supporting structures. It is then removed through the vagina.
For Ovarian Cysts or Tumors
An ovarian cyst or tumor found during laparoscopy may or may not be treated during the procedure. This depends on many factors, such as the type and size of growth found, your age, and whether you still plan to have children. If you have a cyst, your doctor may drain it with a small needle.
Fibroids can grow inside the uterine space or within the uterine walls. They can also be found attached to the outside of the uterus. Removing fibroids can help relieve severe cramping or heavy menstrual bleeding.
For Ectopic Pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy may be found during laparoscopy. If this occurs, the fetal tissue lodged in the fallopian tube can be removed. To do this, your doctor clears the tube and controls any bleeding. Sometimes, all or part of the affected fallopian tube may be removed.
Using laparoscopy, your doctor may find out why you are infertile. Some common causes are blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, and adhesions. Treating the problems may restore your fertility. The doctor may repair a blocked fallopian tube with microsurgery (where tiny surgical tools are used to gently handle tissue).
To prevent pregnancy, a tubal ligation can be done through the laparoscope. Your doctor seals off each fallopian tube. A ring, an elastic band, or a clip may be used. Or, the tubes can be burned with electrical energy. These techniques keep the sperm from fertilizing the egg.